爱游戏app下载:收集粘贴英语演示实用技巧地道表达完整总结

本文摘要:出国留学后,演讲是上课必备的技能。

出国留学后,演讲是上课必备的技能。今天维姬带大家学习如何完善演示!超实用的建议,好好学习!#知识共享官# 四天内拿到演示文稿的第一步是计划在几天内完成准备工作;Vicky建议至少在正式演讲前4天进行准备,这样有了这样有才华的准备材料和训练,人们终于可以自信流利地说话了。

把需要准备的东西分析成几个小任务,划分哪个部门哪一天需要完成。第一天:阅读并学习演讲中使用的基本材料。

首先略读课文材料,然后进行详细分析,标出一些重要论点和相关陈述。田文的任务分析非常重要,它能让你了解整个演讲的框架和你要表达的主题。如下:应该用机器来做好事和服务而不是人类吗?我相信他们不应该,原因很多。

机器不可能是智能的,除非有人在控制它。因此,不管它是不是一个智能机器,人类仍然控制着它去做每一件事。当使用机器时,它很容易出现故障,很难解决问题,或者只需要一段时间就可以解决。

如果是人类来代替机器,问题可能会少一些。机器有这么多问题,根本不值得拥有。还有,你的机器越多,人的工作就越少,因为每个人都认为有机器而不是人会更好。

当越来越少的人失业时,这意味着这些人的钱越来越少,有时他们会因为买不起任何东西而失去房子或汽车。因此,有时与机器一起工作可能会非常紧张,因为它们有时可能不工作,或者它们可能运行得非常慢,不会得到任何东西。机器一点也不聪明,只有当人们控制它们时,它们才聪明,但不是一直聪明。这看起来很聪明,但实际上并不聪明。

总之,我认为机器不应该被用来接管人类的工作,因为机器不能思考,只有人类才能思考和做出正确或错误的决定。瘦子没有大脑,他们没有思考的能力,为什么要让他们做我们能做的事情呢?一定要看懂基本内容,不然整段都会崩溃!在分析文本时,我们可以利用外部资源或辅助工具,如搜索相关的景观材料和故事,进一步提高我们对主题的理解和认识。例如,如果你遇到一个有禁忌意义的单词,你必须在字典里查找它,并仔细研究这个主题。

在连自己都不了解,分不清词条含义的情况下,没有什么比口吃更尴尬的了!然后开始创造性地创造你自己的壮观的演示!第二天开始准备演讲的内容和程序,这是体现你创造力的地方。在了解材料的大致内容后,你可以自由决定以什么顺序陈述不同的观点和前提,以及以什么方式解释这些观点,如正式陈述主题的定义或给出一些相关的例子。如下图所示:引言问一个引导性问题。

以吸引注意力的方式传递关于主题的诱人信息。从相关的引用、吸引人的描述或文字开始。第一点,断言,解释1.Supporting evidence(examples, facts,statistics,details, reasons2. Supporting evidenceB. Second explanation1.Support2.SupportC. Third explanation1.Support2. SupportD. Fourth explanation(continue as above with additional explanations as needed. )1.Support2.SupportE. Your proposal (if applicable)F. Address opposing viewpointsClosingShowing how explanations (causes) are logical reasons producing the effects discussed; review subject X and subject Y ; reiterate your assertion and proposition(if applicable). Reemphasize your thesis in a fresh way, showing how your have achieved your purpose. If you intend to draw to a conclusion about one subject over the other, emphasize that point.A. Deal with opposing views unless done above in Secion F.B. Appeal to the reader to see how your have come to a logical conclusion . C. Make a memorable final statement.Day 3 正式起草最后的讲话稿将主要内容在电脑上敲下来,这样有什么新的想法时可以随时添加。

只管使自己的讲话稿内容富厚而且深入,每一段标注序号;另外再制定一个简朴提纲,提纲的内容就是每一段的主题。在演讲时,可以把提纲放在跟前提示自己,保证讲话的顺畅。

如果忘了提纲上某个主题的详细在讲什么,可以凭据提纲上主题的序号找到讲话稿上的对应段落,激活自己的影象! 如下图所示:Outline1.The sociality of translation2.The cultural attribute of transaltion3. Sign conversation of translation4. The creativity of transaltion5. The historical attribute of translationDay4 训练讲话稿现在文天职析很完整,你也很清楚讲话的整体结构,唯一要做的就是确保自己能不遗漏重要的点,准确流通地展示出来。训练讲话时,建议设置一个闹钟,你可以凭据讲话稿长度设定约莫时间,也可以凭据自己能在多长时间内完整地论述内容来设定。

使用计时器可以保证你快速地陈述看法,从而彰显讲话的流利度。讲话不要太长!否则会失去同学们或老师的注意力,也不要太短!这样可能会无法准确完整地转达主题内容。

使用计时器并高声论述的另一利益是可以判断讲话稿哪一部门是有用的,哪一部门是多余的。如果你发现哪一部门信息是没有须要的或者很无聊,直接减掉,这样做一般会缩减20%的篇幅! ※ 克服讲话的恐惧感 许多童鞋对Vicky倾诉,因为英语不是母语,在讲话时总是很紧张,畏惧犯错闹笑话,有的小同伴甚至一上讲台就大脑缺氧恶心吐逆…….Vicky 偷偷告诉你一些秘诀,拯救这些尴尬症状,自信嗨翻全场!公然讲话恐惧症(glossophobia)是美国第一恐惧症,也就是绝大多数人都有"病",就连许多名人,如美国总统托马斯·杰斐逊(Thomas Jefferson)、圣雄甘地(Gandhi)都曾遭受困扰,所以小同伴们不要过多地给自己消极表示,一味地攻击自己。下面来看一段女神艾玛·沃森(Emma Watson)在团结国的He For She演讲:我们可以看到,女神刚开始也是很紧张的,语速稍微有点快,但之后就越来越自信了。

如果仔细视察,你会发现女神用了“小心机”来克服自己的紧张。例如控制呼吸、停顿、放慢语速、强调个体词汇等等。

所以紧张并不是无药可救,童鞋们不要逃避,要努力地使用一些方法来消除这些障碍,依然做回美美的自己!Step1 放松自己,控制呼吸大家可以一起做下面2个训练:Exercise 1 学会放松实验想象一个可以让你感应放松的场景,给自己一种画面感,一旦你能够很熟悉地回忆这个场景,上台前就可以把自己带到这个场景中,使自己平静下来。Exercise 2 熟悉讲话园地生疏未知往往会带来紧张感,因此要提前熟悉一下自己要讲话的场所,在园地中四处走动并排演一下高声讲话,让你的声音充满整个空间。Step2 做好keynote许多童鞋容易忘词,一忘词就越发紧张了。

提前做好Keynote,可以让自己理清整个讲话逻辑和架构,纵然忘词,也能凭据关键提示圆回来。Step3 排演“台本”,把控讲话细节在讲话前,可以把上台时要说的每一句话、要做的每一个行动写出来,标注在稿子上,例如标注移动、在什么地方举行强调或停顿、手势和互动的时间等。带着肢体行动和情绪举行排演,可以斟酌用词是不是足够口语化、语言气势派头适不适合自己等。

※ 积累实用英文表达 学了那么多“战略”,在详细的讲话中,还需要掌握一些“套话”,资助你更好滴转达看法,总之,要hold全场,这些话必须说得666!(以下内容整理自网络)开场白❶ 在正式场所做Presentation, 需要隆重一点的开场白:◆Ladies and gentlemen. It's an honor to have the opportunity to address such a distinguished audience.◆Good morning, everyone. I appreciate the opportunity to be with you today. I am here to talk to you about…◆ I am delighted/pleased/glad to have the opportunity to present/of making this presentation… ❷ 如果是轻松场所,则可以随意一些:◆ I'm glad you could all get there.◆ Hello again, everybody. Thank you for being on time/making the effort to come today.概述开场白说完后,就该简朴先容讲话的主要内容、时长以及你准备如何回覆问题。❶ 引起听众的兴趣 ◆I'm going to be speaking about something that is vitally important to all of us.◆My presentation will help solve a problem that has puzzled people for years…◆At the end of this presentation you will understand why this company has been so successful for so long…◆I am going to be talking about a product that could double your profit margins…◆the next ten minutes will change your attitude to sales and marketing…◆Over the next ten minutes you are going to hear about something that will change the way your companies operate…◆By the end of this presentation you will know all there is to know about…❷主题◆The subject of my presentation is…◆I shall be speaking today about…◆My presentation concerns…◆ Today's topic is…◆Today we are here to give a presentation on… ❸ 讲话长度◆During the next ten minutes, I shall…◆ My presentation will last for about ten minutes…◆I know that time is short, so I intend to keep this brief◆ I have a lot to cram in to the next ten minutes, so I'd better make a start…❹提要◆There are five main aspects to this topic (…the first, … the second, …a third, …another, … the final)◆We all ought to be aware of the following points.◆I would like to divide my talk into two parts. The first part deals with…, the second part concerns … ❺ 接待提问◆Don't hesitate to interrupt if you have a question.◆If you have any questions, I will be pleased to answer them at the end of the presentation.◆I'd be glad to answer any questions at the end of the my talk.主体部门❶ 在讲话中,时不时地提醒你所讲的内容和他们的利益、兴趣密切相关。◆As I said at the beginning…◆As you remember, we are concerned with……◆This ties in with my original statement…◆This relates directly to the question I put to yu before……❷ 确保观众跟上你的思路你所讲的内容对于观众是生疏的,因此当你转到下一个点时,你要通过一些表达来提醒观众知晓。

◆I'd now like to move on to…◆I'd like to turn to…◆Now I'd like to look at…◆This leads to me next point…◆we all ought to be aware of the following points…❸ 引导观众看PPT经心制作的PPT,固然要好好滴先容给观众:◆This graph shows you…◆Take a look at this ….◆If you look at this, you will see…..◆This chart illustrates the figures……◆As you can see …..This clearly shows……总结语展示的最后,做个总结并重复一下所讲的要点。◆I hope this has given you some idea/clear idea/an outline of……◆I hope I've managed to give you a clearer picture of…◆In conclusion, I'd like to…◆I'd like to finish by…◆I hope you have found this useful….◆That concludes our presentation…◆That brings me to the end of my presentation. I've talked about….挑战观众提问 ❶ 谢谢大家,并邀请他们提问◆You have bee a very attentive audience.Thank you.◆Thank you for listening-and now if there are any questions, I would be pleased to answer them.◆Thank for your attention,I'd be glad to answer any questions you might have.❷ 重述一下问题,一方面可以确认自己是否明白了问题,另一方面可以给自己时间来思考。◆Thank you.So you would like further clarification on our strategy?◆That's an interesting question. How we are going to get voluntary redundancy?◆Thank you for asking. What's our plan for next year?❸ 回覆完毕后,确认提问者是否满足。◆Does this answer your question?◆I hope this explains the situation for you .◆I hope this was what you wanted to hear!❹ 如果不知道怎么回覆,就说不知道,认可无知要比妄自臆测要好!◆That's an interesting question,I don't actually know off the top of my head(一时地),but I'll try to get back to you later with an answer.◆I'm afraid I'm unable to answer that at the moment. Perhaps I can get back to you later.◆That's a good question. However, we don't have any figures on that, so I can't give you an accurate answer.◆ Unfortunately, I'm not the best person to answer that.遇到种种状况❶ 观众没听懂?重新表述一下适才说的话。

◆Let me just say that in another way.◆Perhaps I can rephrase that.◆Put it another way, this means……❷ 用声音来体现声音不能太单调,观众会厌倦,语速不能太快,观众会走神。通过语速和语气的变化,有助于抓住观众的注意力。强调重点词语,在适当的地方停顿。

The first strategy involves getting to know our market/ and finding out what they want./ Customer surveys/ as well as staff training/ will help us do this.总之,关于民众场所讲话这件事呢,Vicky只有一句话:Don't be shy,have a plan, just try!列位小同伴,关于presentation有什么疑问接待评论区留言哦!。

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